A biorepository is an institution that stores, catalogs and collects biological material for research purposes. Biorepositories are facilities that collect specimens from animals, plants, and other living organisms. Biorepositories can store many types of specimens including blood, urine, tissue, and cells as well as DNA, RNA, proteins. If the samples come from individuals, they can be stored along with medical information and written consent for use in laboratory studies.
The purpose of a biorepository:
The main purpose of storage and conservation facility for biological specimens is to preserve biological samples and related information for future research. The biorepository preserves the quality of its specimens and makes them available for scientific research.
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The Biorepository has evolved to meet the evolving needs of researchers and studies that use specimen banking, while still adhering to regulations and other pressures. It can be attributed to the advancements in genomics, proteomics, and personalized medicine, which increase science's precision. This has led to a greater demand for reliable and accurate specimens. The process of collecting, tracking, shipping, and storage are all critical to the success of any study.
Evolution Of Biobank And Its Diverse Activities:
The United States has a history of specimen storage that goes back over a century. Banks have evolved from being small operations that were based on small studies into more complex businesses. These biobanks are now managed with greater efficiency thanks to computerization and procedure automation. Now specimens can be stored in a computerized database.
Biobanks that have sufficient funds can invest in robotics to speed up processing and sampling. Robotic devices are capable of handling specimen processing, and national biorepositories make it possible to study large numbers throughout one's entire life.